Renxiong Wu

Three-dimensional morphological revealing of human placental villi with common obstetric complications via optical coherence tomography

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Placental villi play a vital role in human fetal development, acting as the bridge of material exchange between the maternal and fetal. The abnormal morphology of placental villi is closely related to placental circulation disorder and pregnancy complications. Revealing placental villi three-dimensional (3D) morphology of common obstetric complications and healthy pregnancies provides a new perspective for studying the role of the placenta and its villi in the development of pregnancy diseases. In this study, we established a noninvasive, high-resolution 3D imaging platform via optical coherence tomography to reveal placental villi 3D morphological information of diseased and normal placentae. For the first time, 3D morphologies of placental villous tree structures in common obstetric complications were quantitatively revealed and corresponding 3D information could visualize the morphological characteristics of the placental villous tree from a more intuitive perspective, providing ...

Hybrid-structure network and network comparative study for deep-learning-based speckle-modulating optical coherence tomography

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Optical coherence tomography (OCT), a promising noninvasive bioimaging technique, can resolve sample three-dimensional microstructures. However, speckle noise imposes obvious limitations on OCT resolving capabilities. Here we proposed a deep-learning-based speckle-modulating OCT based on a hybrid-structure network, residual-dense-block U-Net generative adversarial network (RDBU-Net GAN), and further conducted a comprehensively comparative study to explore multi-type deep-learning architectures' abilities to extract speckle pattern characteristics and remove speckle, and resolve microstructures. This is the first time that network comparative study has been performed on a customized dataset containing mass more-general speckle patterns obtained from a custom-built speckle-modulating OCT, but not on retinal OCT datasets with limited speckle patterns. Results demonstrated that the proposed RDBU-Net GAN has a more excellent ability to extract speckle pattern characteristics and remove s...

Depth-resolved transverse-plane motion tracking with configurable measurement features via optical coherence tomography

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Optical coherence tomography (OCT), a promising noninvasive bioimaging technique, has become one of the most successful optical technologies implemented in medicine and clinical practice. Here we report a novel technique of depth-resolved transverse-plane motion tracking with configurable measurement features via optical coherence tomography, termed OCT-MT. Based on OCT circular scanning combined with speckle spatial oversampling, the OCT-MT technique can perform depth-resolved transverse-plane motion tracking. Benefitting from the optical interference and depth-resolved feature, the proposed OCT-MT can reduce the requirements on the input power of the irradiation signal and the surface reflectivity and roughness of the target, when performing motion tracking. Furthermore, OCT-MT can conduct such kind of motion tracking with configurable measurement ranges and resolutions by configuring A-line number per scanning circle, circular scanning radius, and A-line scanning time. The propos...

Sm-Net OCT: a deep-learning-based speckle-modulating optical coherence tomography

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Speckle imposes obvious limitations on resolving capabilities of optical coherence tomography (OCT), while speckle-modulating OCT can efficiently reduce speckle arbitrarily. However, speckle-modulating OCT seriously reduces the imaging sensitivity and temporal resolution of the OCT system when reducing speckle. Here, we proposed a deep-learning-based speckle-modulating OCT, termed Sm-Net OCT, by deeply integrating conventional OCT setup and generative adversarial network trained with a customized large speckle-modulating OCT dataset containing massive speckle patterns. The customized large speckle-modulating OCT dataset was obtained from the aforementioned conventional OCT setup rebuilt into a speckle-modulating OCT and performed imaging using different scanning parameters. Experimental results demonstrated that the proposed Sm-Net OCT can effectively obtain high-quality OCT images without the electronic noise and speckle, and conquer the limitations of reducing the imaging sensitiv...

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