Matija Jezeršek

Fusing optical coherence tomography and photodiodes for diagnosis of weld features during remote laser welding of copper-to-aluminum

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This study has been designed to investigate whether variations in the features of laser weldments can be isolated and diagnosed by fusing photodiodes and optical coherence tomography (OCT). Two manufacturing scenarios (variation in laser power and focal offset) have been considered during remote laser welding of 0.2 mm thick Cu foils on 2 mm thick Al 1050 plates with an adjustable ring mode laser integrated with a 1D oscillation head. The process was monitored by measuring weld penetration depth with OCT and by process emissions (plasma and back-reflection) via photodiodes. The acquisition frequency of all signals was 40 kHz. Strong correlations (r > 0.75) were shown between plasma, back-reflection, and OCT signals and measured depth and width of the weld. Weak correlations (r < 0.5) between voids, cracks, and sensor signals were observed. Although plasma is the predominant signal that carries most of the information about the process, and the OCT allows direct measurement of ...

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