Mateo Gende

A new generative approach for optical coherence tomography data scarcity: unpaired mutual conversion between scanning presets

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In optical coherence tomography (OCT), there is a trade-off between the scanning time and image quality, leading to a scarcity of high quality data. OCT platforms provide different scanning presets, producing visually distinct images, limiting their compatibility. In this work, a fully automatic methodology for the unpaired visual conversion of the two most prevalent scanning presets is proposed. Using contrastive unpaired translation generative adversarial architectures, low quality images acquired with the faster Macular Cube preset can be converted to the visual style of high visibility Seven Lines scans and vice-versa. This modifies the visual appearance of the OCT images generated by each preset while preserving natural tissue structure. The quality of original and synthetic generated images was compared using BRISQUE. The synthetic generated images achieved very similar scores to original images of their target preset. The generative models were validated in automatic and expe...

End-to-end multi-task learning approaches for the joint epiretinal membrane segmentation and screening in OCT images

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Background and objectives: The Epiretinal Membrane (ERM) is an ocular disease that can cause visual distortions and irreversible vision loss. Patient sight preservation relies on an early diagnosis and on determining the location of the ERM in order to be treated and potentially removed. In this context, the visual inspection of the images in order to screen for ERM signs is a costly and subjective process. Methods: In this work, we propose and study three end-to-end fully-automatic approaches for the simultaneous segmentation and screening of ERM signs in Optical Coherence Tomography images. These convolutional approaches exploit a multi-task learning context to leverage inter-task complementarity in order to guide the training process. The proposed architectures are combined with three different state of the art encoder architectures of reference in order to provide an exhaustive study of the suitability of each of the approaches for these tasks. Furthermore, these architectures w...

Automatic Segmentation and Intuitive Visualisation of the Epiretinal Membranein 3D OCT Images Using Deep Convolutional Approaches

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Epiretinal Membrane (ERM) is a disease caused by a thin layer of scar tissue that is formed on the surface of the retina. When this membrane appears over the macula, it can cause distorted or blurred vision. Although normally idiopathic, its presence can also be indicative of other pathologies such as diabetic macular edema or vitreous haemorrhage. ERM removal surgery can preserve more visual acuity the earlier it is performed. For this purpose, we present a fully automatic segmentation system that can help the clinicians to determine the ERM presence and location over the eye fundus using 3D Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) volumes. The proposed system uses a convolutional neural network architecture to classify patches of the retina surface. All the 2D OCT slices of the 3D OCT volume of a patient are combined to produce an intuitive colour map over the 2D fundus reconstruction, providing a visual representation of the presence of ERM which therefore facilitates the diagnosis and...

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