Contactless, autonomous robotic alignment of optical coherence tomography for in vivo evaluation of diseased retinas
During the COVID-19 pandemic, an emphasis was placed on contactless, physical distancing and improved telehealth; contrariwise, standard-of-care ophthalmic imaging of patients required present, trained personnel. Here, we introduce contactless, autonomous robotic alignment of optical coherence tomography (RAOCT) for in vivo imaging of retinal disease and compare measured retinal thickness and diagnostic readability to technician operated clinical OCT. In a powered study, we found no statistically significant difference in retinal thickness in both healthy and diseased retinas (p > 0.7) or across a variety of demographics (gender, race, and age) between RAOCT and clinical OCT. In a secondary study, a retina specialist labeled a given volume as normal/abnormal. Compared to the clinical diagnostic label, sensitivity/specificity for RAOCT were equal or improved over clinical OCT. Contactless, autonomous RAOCT, that improves upon current clinical OCT, could play a role in both ophthal...
Robotic Optical Coherence Tomography Retinal Imaging for Emergency Department Patients: A Pilot Study for Emergency Physicians’ Diagnostic Performance
To evaluate the diagnostic performance of emergency physicians’ interpretation of robotically acquired retinal optical coherence tomography images for detecting posterior eye abnormalities in patients seen in the emergency department.
Adult patients presenting to Duke University Hospital emergency department from November 2020 through October 2021 with acute visual changes, headache, or focal neurologic deficit(s) who received an ophthalmology consultation were enrolled in this pilot study. Emergency physicians provided standard clinical care, including direct ophthalmoscopy, at their discretion. Retinal optical coherence tomography images of these patients were obtained with a robotic, semi-autonomous optical coherence tomography system. We compared the detection of abnormalities in optical coherence tomography images by emergency physicians with a reference standard, a combination of ophthalmology consultation diagnosis and retina specialist optical cohe...