Foveal avascular zone in normal human eyes by optical coherence tomography angiography
To analyze the influence factors of the area of superficial plexus foveal avascular zone (FAZ) and related indexes of fovea measured with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) in normal subjects.
This was a cross-sectional study from November 2020 to May 2021 in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China. Each subject received related eye examination. The correlation between all the factors and superficial plexus FAZ were analyzed under univariable and multivariable linear regression analysis.
Finally, 239 subjects with sufficient data were recruited in the study, including 108 males and 131 females, aged 27.41±4.63 years. The area of superficial plexus FAZ was 0.33±0.16 mm2. In the univariate regression, gender (β = 41.702, 95%CI: 9.152 to 74.253, P = 0.012), drinking (β = -66.074, 95%CI: -99.197 to -32.951, P = 0.001) and axial length (β = -15.874, 95%CI: -29.562 to -2.185, P = 0.023) were associated with superficial plexus FAZ area. In m...
Quantification of peripapillary vessel density in non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy patients with optical coherence tomography angiography
Background: Quantitative assessments based on optical coherence tomographic angiography (OCTA) may have potential promising value in the early detection of non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NA-AION), but there is limited information on the ability of OCTA to distinguish eyes with NA-AION. This study was conducted to evaluate the ability of measurements of peripapillary perfusion using OCTA to distinguish healthy eyes from eyes with NA-AION. Methods: In this retrospective case-control study, newly diagnosed NA-AION patients and healthy controls matched at a ratio of 1:3 by gender and age (±5 years) were enrolled from 1 September 2020 to 30 June 2021. Peripapillary vessel density (pVD) was examined based on the area of vessels by means of a 4.5 mm OCTA scan. In addition, peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) thickness was obtained from structural optical coherence tomography (OCT), as was the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve...
Quantitative Analysis of the Macular and Peripapillary Capillary Network with Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Chinese Adolescents: The Tuyou County Pediatric Eye (TYPE) Study
Aim: To use OCTA to collect normative data describing the vascular perfusion of the macula and optic disc in adolescents. Methods: This cross-sectional, school-based study was conducted from Oct 15, 2019, to Nov 30, 2019, in Tuyou County, Baotou, China. All eligible participants underwent a comprehensive questionnaire and ocular examination. The vascular perfusion of the macula and optic disc was determined using a spectral-domain OCTA device. Results: A total of 570 anatomically normal eyes without a history of pathologic disease from 570 adolescents (mean ± SD age, 15.1 ± 1.9 years; 298 girls [52.3%]) were enrolled. In the macula, the mean ± SD perifoveal perfusion density (PD) of the superficial capillary plexus (SCP) and deep capillary plexus (DCP) was 44.2% ± 4.37% and 50.74% ± 3.98%, respectively. The mean ± SD foveal avascular zone (FAZ) was 0.32 mm 2 ± 0.11 mm 2 . The mean ± SD peripapillary vessel density (PVD) was 54....