Cem Evereklioglu

Comparison of Optic Disc Head Vascular Density Status between Crowded and Normal Discs: An Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Study

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Background To compare the optic disc capillary vascular status between crowded and normal optic discs using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A). Methods A total of 101 eyes were included in this cross-sectional, comparative study. Fifty-one eyes with crowded optic discs (Group 1) were compared with 50 eyes with normal discs (Group 2). Peripapillary and optic disc head capillary vascular density measurements were obtained quantitatively with OCT-A. Results Mean ages were 46.2±6.2 years in Group1 and 45.9±6.0 years in Group2 (p=0.796).Vertical disc diameters were 1.52±0.2 mm in Group 1 and 1.61±0.16 mm in Group 2 (p=0.022) whereas horizontal disc diameters were 1.53±0.17 mm in Group 1 and 1.61±0.13 mm in Group 2(p˂0.014). OCT-A findings were as follows: radial peripapillary capillary, vascular density whole image measurements (%); 49.6±2.3 in Group 1 and 49.1±2.3 in Group 2 (p=0.292), peripapillary capillary density; 53.3±2.8 in Group 1 and 52.6±2.6 in Group 2 (p=0.1...

Predictive impact of optical coherence tomography biomarkers in anti-vascular endothelial growth factor resistant macular edema treated with dexamethasone implant

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Purpose: To perform a longitudinal analysis of the effect of optic coherence tomography (OCT) biomarkers on macular thickness in patients with persistent macular edema secondary to diabetes mellitus and retinal vein occlusion who recieved intravitreal dexamethasone (DEX) implant. Methods: Eighty-nine patients were included in the retrospective study. Patients with anti-VEGF-resistant macular edema were included in the study. The effect of the presence or absence of OCT biomarkers before intravitreal DEX implant therapy on central foveal thickness (CFT) was evaluated. In addition, the change in biomarkers from the baseline visit to the final visit was evaluated. The evaluated OCT biomarkers were as follows: ellipsoid zone and external limiting membrane (ELM) integrity, hyperreflective foci (HRF), disorganization of inner retinal layers (DRIL), hard exudates, serous macular detachment (SMD), pearl necklace, posterior vitreous detachment and the epiretinal membrane (ERM). Results: The ...

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